Project by: Steven Berkas

Professor: Zuzanna Karczewska

Spring 2014

Phase 1 was devised to explore the tool under artificial light placed at set positions. The interest here was to see if a standard light could assist the eye by projecting a perfect shadow of the human form onto the paper below.

The human figure is broken into five fragmented images.


 Since the sun's rays are parallel (close to parallel), the fragmented image was able to be stitched together perfectly onto the ground. This establishes a truly unique connection between the perspective view of human eye and the axonometric projection created by the tool.

The tool maintained a fixed position while the sun moved across the sky. The projected image was documented every 30 minutes.

Responding to the lessons learned from the first phase, Phase 2 situated the tool outdoors, allowing the sun to create the projected image. Theoretically, the sun could transpose a perfect shadow onto the ground.

Phase 2

Phase 1

Click here to read the full paper on the Projection Exploration

The tool was placed at a perpendicular angle to the light source while the image was translated onto the paper every six inches.

The human eye views the world in perspective, rendering the figure in the tool incomplete. The mind understands what the image is, but the eye is incapable of perfecting the complete image from a single vantage point. 

The Projection Exploration is a theoretical drawing project based upon the comparison between human perspective on the world and the axonometric projections cast by the sun.

The fragmented images were transferred onto separate plates of plexi glass and aligned three inches apart from one another, creating the projection tool.


The lamp disperses the light similarly to the way our eye perceived the tool to begin with. This meant that the projected image was still fragmented, prompting Phase 2.